Zoology in the Middle East

Volume 63, Issue 3, 2017

0939-7140 (Print), 2326-2680 (Online)

© Taylor & Francis
All articles, both print and online versions, are fully copyright-protected.

Covered in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE). Admitted to ISI Master Journal list and covered by the BioSciences Information Service (Biosis Previews) and Biological Preview (abstract/cover page), the Zoological Record and many other review organs.

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A new chromosomal race (2n=44) of Nannospalax xanthodon from Turkey (Mammalia: Rodentia)

Teoman Kankılıç, Atilla Arslan, Perinçek Seçkinozan Şeker, Tolga Kankılıç, Kubilay Toyran and Jan Zima

A new karyotype for blind mole rats was recorded in Tunceli province in Eastern Turkey. The karyotype contained 44 chromosomes, including 13 biarmed pairs, 7 acrocentric pairs, and one heteromorphic pair with a submetacentric and an acrocentric homologue in the autosomal complement (FNa=69). The X chromosome was submetacentric and the Y chromosome medium-sized subtelocentric (FN=73). Distinct dark centromeric C-bands were observed on most of the biarmed and three pairs of the acrocentric autosomes. The NORs were detected on short arms of three subtelocentric pairs and one acrocentric pair of autosomes. The diploid number of chromosomes and the karyotype characteristics observed are obviously unique among hitherto studied populations of blind mole rats and the complement can be evaluated as a new chromosome race of Nannospalax xanthodon. The distribution ranges of individual chromosome races of the species recorded in Eastern Anatolia are revised and possible interracial hybridization is discussed in respect of the finding of a new race.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 181-188.

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Behavioural and morphological characteristics of white doves in Osmaniye, Turkey identify the population as Laughing Doves (Streptopelia senegalensis)

Lale Aktay, Özgün Sözüer, Joshua J. Horns, Derviş Kökenek, Bilge Kağan Tomas and Çağan H. Şekercioğlu

Observation of an unusual population of white-plumaged doves in Osmaniye suggests that these birds are conspecific with the Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis, Linnaeus, 1766) population in the town. The white-morph is not found outside the urban area. Aside from colouration, the white doves shared identical morphological characteristics with wild-type brown Laughing Doves. Additionally, the white doves and wild-type Laughing Doves formed mixed flocks and readily paired. Based on the observations of four inter-morph pairings, the white morph appears to be a recessive, single autosomal locus mutation. It appears that the white colouration may have originated from one or more hybridization events between Laughing Doves and feral white Barbary Doves (Streptopelia risoria). This study not only identifies an anomalous population of birds in an urban setting, but highlights the importance of traditional knowledge in understanding biodiversity.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 189-193.

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Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus): Important wintering sites and breeding records in the United Arab Emirates

Shahid B. Khana, Salim Javed, Shakeel Ahmed, Junid N. Shah, Abdulla Ali Al Hammadi and Eissa Ali Al Hammadi

Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) monitoring was undertaken in the United Arab Emirates from 2003 to 2015 at 36 permanent sites to find key wintering and breeding sites. Bul Syayeef Marine Protected Area with monthly mean of 6553 (±3594) flamingos followed by Al Wathba Wetland Reserve with 1228 (±1190) flamingos topped the list. In addition, Shahama Wetland and Al Aryam Mudflats in Abu Dhabi Emirate form a complex of four nearby sites that hold the majority of nearly 15,000–20,000 birds wintering in the country. Lagoons (Khors) in the northern emirates are the other key wintering sites, that suffer habitat destruction and high disturbance. Breeding has been sporadic and infrequent since the first breeding attempt in 1993. Greater Flamingos have bred successfully only in the Abu Dhabi Emirate on 10 occasions at three sites with the highest eight breeding attempts at Al Wathba and one each at Shahama and Bul Syayeef. A total of 1,972 young have fledged with a high overall breeding success of 43%. The highest number of 801 young fledged at Bul Syayeef in 2009 followed by 420 at Al Wathba in 2015 and 350 at Shahama in 2007. Successful breeding occurred both in summer and winter seasons, breeding attempts were more (58%) in summer compared to winter. Flamingos have bred regularly at Al Wathba Wetland Reserve since 2011, this was made possible due to the provision of an artificial island to aid nesting and better control of predators. Breeding is successful at sites that maintain higher bird numbers and are free from disturbance.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 194-201.

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Population size and structure of the African Softshell Turtle, Trionyx triunguis, in Dalaman, southwestern Turkey

Salim Can Akçınar and Ertan Taşkavak

We assessed the size of the population of the African Softshell Turtle, Trionyx triunguis, in Dalaman (Muğla, Turkey), which is considered to be the largest population of the species in the Mediterranean, by using the Jolly-Seber mark-recapture method. A total of 415 individuals were caught during the summer months of 2009 to 2011, of which 148 were recaptures. From 267 marked individuals, 148 (55%) were male, 69 (26%) were female and 50 (19%) were juveniles and subadults of indeterminate sex. The male:female ratio was calculated to be 2.14:1. By using Model A' of the Jolly-Seber mark-recapture method, which includes deaths but no immigration, the mean population size in Kükürt and Küçükdalyan (Kargın) lakes, together with Tersakan and Taşlıçay creeks, were estimated to be 396±36. Based on this estimation, the population density was calculated to be 14 turtles/ha. Approximately 67.4 % of the estimated population was marked. The mean capture probability (p) and mean survival ratio (Φ) were 0.094±0.009 and 0.957±0.076, respectively. Our results showed that the species’ population size is larger than previously estimated based on visual counts. The status “Vulnerable” C2a of the IUCN Red Data Book categories seems therefore more appropriate for the Mediterranean subpopulation of Trionyx triunguis than “Endangered” C2a.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 202-209.

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A new species of Diplecogaster (Actinopterygii: Gobiesocidae) from the Mediterranean Sea

Murat Bilecenoğlu, Mehmet Baki Yokeş and Marcelo Kovačić

Diplecogaster umutturali sp. n. is described from five specimens, ranging from 9.5 to 26.9 mm in standard length. This clingfish is known to occur only at three localities along the northern Levant coasts, eastern Mediterranean Sea and is the third known species of the genus Diplecogaster in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. The species is distinguished from all its congeners in having a small snout, short caudal peduncle, large eyes, short anal fin and upper attachment of gill membrane opposite the 7th-8th pectoral ray. Diplecogaster umutturali sp. n. shows a 5.3% genetic divergence from its close relative D. bimaculata at the cytochrome oxidase I locus (COI).

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 210-218.

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New record of Ptarmus gallus Kossmann & Räuber, 1877 from the northern Red Sea (Teleostei: Aploactinidae), with a redescription of the species

Ronald Fricke, Daniel Golani and Brenda Appelbaum-Golani

The aploactinid fish Ptarmus gallus is redescribed and recorded from the Gulf of Suez (Egypt) for the first time. The species is apparently endemic to the Red Sea. Identification keys to the genera of aploactinid fishes, and to species of the genus Ptarmus are presented.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 219-227.

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Re-description of Oxynoemacheilus longipinnis from the Persian Gulf basin (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae)

Golnaz Sayyadzadeh, Hamid Reza Esmaeili, Soheil Eagderi, Arash Jouladeh-Roudbar, Mojtaba Masoudi and Saber Vatandoust

The monotypic nemacheilid loach genus Ilamnemacheilus was erected based on morphological features of a single individual described as Ilamnemacheilus longipinnis Coad and Nalbant, 2005 from the Tigris River tributary in Iran. It was later transferred to the genus Oxynoemacheilus based on molecular and morphological studies without a description. Here, we re-describe O. longipinnis based on additional specimens collected from near the type locality. It is distinguished from the other oxynoemacheilid loaches of the Tigris River by having a suborbital groove in males, the number of the dorsal-fin rays, the colouration pattern of the body, and the shape of the upper lip and the caudal fin.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 228-238.

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Discovery of the subfamily Microtypinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) in Egypt, with the description of a new species

Yusuf A. Edmardsah, Neveen S. Gadallah and Kees van Achterberg

The subfamily Microtypinae Szépligeti, 1908 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is recorded for the first time for Egypt. The present study is based on specimens collected from Gebel Elba, Wadi Allaqi, St. Catherine, and Fayoum, as well as specimens deposited in various entomological collections in Egypt. Four species belonging to the genus Microtypus Ratzeburg, 1848 (M. algiricus Szépligeti, 1908; M. desertorum Shestakov, 1932; M. vanharteni van Achterberg, 2010 and M. aegypticus sp. n.) are reported for the first time from Egypt.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 239-249.

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New data on the genus Chrysotoxum Meigen (Diptera: Syrphidae) from North-East Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran including descriptions of three new species

Ante Vujić, Zorica Nedeljković, Rüstem Hayat, Ozan Demirözer, Ximo Mengual and Farzaneh Kazerani

New data and records of the genus Chrysotoxum Meigen, 1803 are reported, arising from taxonomic and faunistic examination of adult specimens collected from 1920 to 2011 from four northeastern provinces of Turkey (Erzurum, Bayburt, Kars, and Artvin), and from the neighboring countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran. Three new species are described: Chrysotoxum antennalis Vujić, Nedeljković & Hayat sp. n., C. clausseni Vujić, Nedeljković & Hayat sp. n. and C. persicum Vujić, Nedeljković & Hayat sp.  n. The first two are known only from northeastern Turkey, and the third also occurs in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran. These new species have in common an antenna with the basoflagellomere being shorter than the scape and pedicel together.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 250-268.

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Three new species of Zerconidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) from Turkey

Raşit Urhan and Elif Hilal Duran

Three new species, Zercon afyonensis sp. n., Zercon karacamehmeti sp. n. and Zercon soguticus sp. n., are described and illustrated based on samples collected in the Inner Aegean Region. The similarities and differences between the related species are discussed.

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 269-276.

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Short Communications

New breeding sites of the Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus) in Turkey (Aves: Falconiformes)

Recep Karakaş and Murat Biricik

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 277-279.

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First Palaearctic record of the genus Pygophora Schiner, 1868 (Diptera: Muscidae) from Iranian Baluchestan

Mehrdad Parchami-Araghi, Adrian C. Pont, Ebrahim Gilasian, Farzaneh Basavand and Hosnieh Mousavi

Zoology in the Middle East 63(3), 2017: 280-282.

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Zoology in the Middle East